Scientific Highlights

Conductivity control via minimally invasive anti-Frenkel defects in a functional oxide

Autores: Donald M. Evans, Theodor S. Holstad, Aleksander B. Mosberg, Didrik R. Småbråten, Per Erik Vullum, Anup L. Dadlani, Konstantin Shapovalov, Zewu Yan, Edith Bourret, David Gao, Jaakko Akola, Jan Torgersen, Antonius T. J. van Helvoort, Sverre M. Selbach & Dennis Meier.
Publicación: Nat. Mater. (2020)
Mentions: Conductivity control via minimally invasive anti-Frenkel defects in a functional oxide

Utilizing quantum effects in complex oxides, such as magnetism, multiferroicity and superconductivity, requires atomic-level control of the material’s structure and composition. In contrast, the continuous conductivity changes that enable artificial oxide-based synapses and multiconfigurational devices are driven by redox reactions and domain reconfigurations, which entail long-range ionic migration and changes in stoichiometry or structure.

Oxides for new-generation electronics

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3D Reduced Graphene Oxide Scaffolds with a Combinatorial Fibrous-Porous Architecture for Neural Tissue Engineering

Graphene oxide (GO) assists a diverse set of promising routes to build bioactive neural microenvironments by easily interacting with other biomaterials to enhance their bulk features or, alternatively, self-assembling toward the construction of biocompatible systems with specific three-dimensional (3D) geometries.

Bioactive materials for therapy and diagnosis

  • Hits: 193

Pyrolysis study of solution-derived superconducting YBa2Cu3O7 films: disentangling the physico-chemical transformations

Chemical solution deposition (CSD) of epitaxial YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) films is a high throughput, cost-effective approach to grow high critical current superconducting conductors for power applications. Achieving high critical currents requires to grow epitaxial films with large thicknesses and this is still an open issue in CSD.

Superconducting materials for emerging technologies

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Fatigue and retention in the growth window of ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 thin films

Título : Fatigue and retention in the growth window of ferroelectric Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 thin films
Autores: Jike Lyu, Ignasi Fina, and Florencio Sánchez. 
Appl. Phys. Lett. 117, 072901 (2020)
DOI: 10.1063/5.0017738
The growth window of epitaxial Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 is established taking into account the main ferroelectric properties that films have to present simultaneously: high remanent polarization, low fatigue, and long retention.

Oxides for new-generation electronics

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Visualization of moiré superlattices

Moiré superlattices in van der Waals heterostructures have given rise to a number of emergent electronic phenomena due to the interplay between atomic structure and electron correlations. Indeed, electrons in these structures have been recently found to exhibit a number of emergent properties that the individual layers themselves do not exhibit.

Oxides for new-generation electronics

  • Hits: 207

High‐Throughput Nanofabrication of Metasurfaces with Polarization‐Dependent Response

Metal nanostructures offer exciting ways to manage light at the nanoscale exploited in fields such as imaging, sensing, energy conversion, and information processing. The optical response of the metallic architectures can be engineered to exhibit photonic properties that span from plasmon resonances to more complex phenomena such as negative refractive index, optical chirality, artificial magnetism, and more.

Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems

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Rapid and high-resolution patterning of microstructure and composition in organic semiconductors using ‘molecular gates’

Photolithography has been a major enabling tool for miniaturisation of silicon devices that underpinned the electronics revolution. Rapid, high-resolution patterning of key material characteristics would, similarly, accelerate the advent of molecular electronics and photonics.

Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems

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Double Beneficial Role of Fluorinated Fullerene Dopants on Organic Thin-Film Transistors: Structural Stability and Improved Performance

The present work assesses improved carrier injection in organic field-effect transistors by contact doping and provides fundamental insight into the multiple impacts that the dopant/semiconductor interface details have on the long-term and thermal stability of devices. 

Tuneable and low cost molecular electronics

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Stable anchoring of bacteria-based protein nanoparticles for surface enhanced cell guidance

In tissue engineering, biological, physical, and chemical inputs have to be combined to properly mimic cellular environments and successfully build artificial tissues which can be designed to fulfill different biomedical needs such as the shortage of organ donors or the development of in vitro disease models for drug testing.

Bioactive materials for therapy and diagnosis

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Novel reversibly switchable fluorescent molecular systems based on metallacarborane‐perylenediimide conjugates

Icosahedral metallacarboranes are θ‐shaped anionic molecules in which two icosahedra share one vertex that is a metal center. The most remarkable of these compounds is the anionic cobalt‐based metallacarborane [Co(C2B9H11)2], whose oxidation‐reduction processes occur via an outer sphere electron process.

Bioactive materials for therapy and diagnosis

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Electrodeposited Negative Index Metamaterials with Visible and Near Infrared Response

Negative index metamaterials have revolutionized the field of photonics because of their unconventional electromagnetic properties absent in naturally occurring materials. It remains a challenge however, to achieve strong negative refractive index at optical frequencies over large areas in a device compatible fashion.

Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems

  • Hits: 263

Towards photovoltaic windows: scalable fabrication of semitransparent modules based on non-fullerene acceptors via laser-patterning

Semitransparent organic photovoltaics (OPV) possess unique properties that make them highly appealing for their integration into semitransparent architectonic elements such as windows or glazings. In order to provide sufficient transparency, non-opaque electrodes and thin photoactive layers are typically used, thus limiting the light-harvesting capacity.

Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems

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Experimental demonstration of the suppression of optical phonon splitting in 2D materials by Raman spectroscopy

Raman spectroscopy is one of the most extended experimental techniques to investigate thin-layered 2D materials. For a complete understanding and modeling of the Raman spectrum of a novel 2D material, it is often necessary to combine the experimental investigation to density functional theory calculations.

Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems

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Siesta: Recent developments and applications

A review of the present status, recent enhancements, and applicability of the Siesta program is presented. Since its debut in the mid-1990s, Siesta’s flexibility, efficiency, and free distribution have given advanced materials simulation capabilities to many groups worldwide.

Oxides for new-generation electronics

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Anthracene–styrene-substituted m-carborane derivatives: insights into the electronic and structural effects of substituents on photoluminescence

Two anthracenyl–styrenyl-m-carborane triads (one non-iodinated on B, 3, and one iodinated, 4) were synthesized and characterized to be further linked to octavinylsilsesquioxane (OVS) via cross-metathesis, giving rise to the corresponding hybrid materials 5 and 6.

Bioactive materials for therapy and diagnosis

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Flexible Antiferromagnetic FeRh Tapes as Memory Elements

Ignasi Fina*, Nico Dix, Enric Menéndez, Enric Menéndez, Anna Crespi, Michael Foerster, Lucia Aballe, Florencio Sánchez, Josep Fontcuberta*. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, XXXX, XXX, XXX-XXX. Publication Date:March 9, 2020

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