Novel composite materials are being investigated for improving the energy storage performance of electrochemical capacitors. For this goal, synergistic effects via the combination of diverse types of materials are crucial. In this work, electrodes composed of reduced graphene oxide, multiwall carbon nanotubes, as well as cerium and manganese oxides were fabricated through reactive inverse matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (RIMAPLE).
UV-pulsed laser irradiation of frozen aqueous dispersions containing graphene oxide sheets, carbon nanotubes, and ceria nanoentities, besides manganese acetate precursor, led to the simultaneous chemical transformation and co-deposition of hybrid electrodes onto flexible metallic substrates via photothermal and photochemical processes. Thorough morphological and compositional studies of the electrodes demonstrated the laser-induced reduction of graphene oxide, besides the crystallization of a mixture of cerium and manganese oxide nanostructures decorating the carbon nanoentities during the deposition process. Electrochemical analyses revealed a remarkable improvement of performance with the combination of electrochemical double layer in the porous nanocarbon framework with pseudocapacitance from the oxide nanostructures, obtaining excellent volumetric capacitances of up to 140 F cm−3 at 10 mV s−1 with the combination of all four materials. The attained results are the best ones yet published regarding RIMAPLE of hybrid nanocarbon-based electrodes with micrometric thickness. Finally, symmetric electrochemical capacitors were fabricated using aqueous electrolyte, revealing excellent stability upon tens of thousands of charge–discharge cycles.
Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems
Laser fabrication of hybrid electrodes composed of nanocarbons mixed with cerium and manganese oxides for supercapacitive energy storage
Pablo García Lebière, * Ángel Pérez del Pino, Guillem Domènech Domingo, Constantin Logofatu, Immaculada Martínez-Rovira, Ibraheem Yousef and Enikö György
Transition metal carbides have gathered increasing attention in energy and electrochemistry applications, mainly due to their high structural and physicochemical properties. Their high refractory properties have made them an ideal candidate coating technology and more recently their electronic similarity to the platinum group has expanded their use to energy and catalysis. Here, we demonstrate that the nanostructuring and stoichiometry control of the highest melting point material to this date (Ta-Hf-C) results in outstanding electrochemical stability.
There is an increasing interest in synthetic systems that can execute bioinspired chemical reactions without requiring the complex structures that characterize enzymes in their components. The hierarchical self-assembly of peptides provides a means to create catalytic microenvironments. Ideally, as it occurs in enzymes, the catalytic activity of peptide nanostructures should be reversibly regulated. In a typical enzyme mimetic design, the peptide’s self-assembling and catalytic activities are segregated into different regions of the sequence.
A successful homogeneous photoredox catalyst has been fruitfully heterogenized on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) coated with a silica layer, keeping intact its homogeneous catalytic properties but gaining others due to the easy magnetic separation and recyclability. The amine-terminated magnetic silica nanoparticles linked noncovalently to H[3,3′-Co(1,2-C2B9H11)2]− (H), termed MSNPs-NH2@H, are highly stable and do not produce any leakage of the photoredox catalyst H in water. The magnetite MNPs were coated with SiO2 to provide colloidal stability and silanol groups to be tethered to amine-containing units.
Micro- and nanoscale patterned monolayers of plasmonic nanoparticles were fabricated by combining concepts from colloidal chemistry, self-assembly, and subtractive soft lithography. Leveraging chemical interactions between the capping ligands of pre-synthesized gold colloids and a polydimethylsiloxane stamp, we demonstrated patterning gold nanoparticles over centimeter-scale areas with a variety of micro- and nanoscale geometries, including islands, lines, and chiral structures (e.g., square spirals).
The complex electron–phonon interaction occurring in bulk lead halide perovskites gives rise to anomalous temperature dependences, like the widening of the electronic band gap as temperature increases. However, possible confinement effects on the electron–phonon coupling in the nanocrystalline version of these materials remain unexplored. Herein, we study the temperature (ranging from 80 K to ambient) and hydrostatic pressure (from atmospheric to 0.6 GPa) dependence of the photoluminescence of ligand-free methylammonium lead triiodide nanocrystals with controlled sizes embedded in a porous silica matrix.