Micro- and nanoscale patterned monolayers of plasmonic nanoparticles were fabricated by combining concepts from colloidal chemistry, self-assembly, and subtractive soft lithography. Leveraging chemical interactions between the capping ligands of pre-synthesized gold colloids and a polydimethylsiloxane stamp, we demonstrated patterning gold nanoparticles over centimeter-scale areas with a variety of micro- and nanoscale geometries, including islands, lines, and chiral structures (e.g., square spirals).
By successfully achieving nanoscale manipulation over a wide range of substrates and patterns, we established a powerful and straightforward strategy, nanoparticle chemical lift-off lithography (NP-CLL), for the economical and scalable fabrication of functional plasmonic materials with colloidal nanoparticles as building blocks, offering a transformative solution for designing next-generation plasmonic technologies.
Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems
Large-Scale Soft-Lithographic Patterning of Plasmonic Nanoparticles
Naihao Chiang*, Leonardo Scarabelli*, Gail A. Vinnacombe-Willson, Luis A. Pérez, Camilla Dore, Agustín Mihi, Steven J. Jonas*, and Paul S. Weiss*
Transition metal carbides have gathered increasing attention in energy and electrochemistry applications, mainly due to their high structural and physicochemical properties. Their high refractory properties have made them an ideal candidate coating technology and more recently their electronic similarity to the platinum group has expanded their use to energy and catalysis. Here, we demonstrate that the nanostructuring and stoichiometry control of the highest melting point material to this date (Ta-Hf-C) results in outstanding electrochemical stability.
There is an increasing interest in synthetic systems that can execute bioinspired chemical reactions without requiring the complex structures that characterize enzymes in their components. The hierarchical self-assembly of peptides provides a means to create catalytic microenvironments. Ideally, as it occurs in enzymes, the catalytic activity of peptide nanostructures should be reversibly regulated. In a typical enzyme mimetic design, the peptide’s self-assembling and catalytic activities are segregated into different regions of the sequence.
A successful homogeneous photoredox catalyst has been fruitfully heterogenized on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) coated with a silica layer, keeping intact its homogeneous catalytic properties but gaining others due to the easy magnetic separation and recyclability. The amine-terminated magnetic silica nanoparticles linked noncovalently to H[3,3′-Co(1,2-C2B9H11)2]− (H), termed MSNPs-NH2@H, are highly stable and do not produce any leakage of the photoredox catalyst H in water. The magnetite MNPs were coated with SiO2 to provide colloidal stability and silanol groups to be tethered to amine-containing units.
The complex electron–phonon interaction occurring in bulk lead halide perovskites gives rise to anomalous temperature dependences, like the widening of the electronic band gap as temperature increases. However, possible confinement effects on the electron–phonon coupling in the nanocrystalline version of these materials remain unexplored. Herein, we study the temperature (ranging from 80 K to ambient) and hydrostatic pressure (from atmospheric to 0.6 GPa) dependence of the photoluminescence of ligand-free methylammonium lead triiodide nanocrystals with controlled sizes embedded in a porous silica matrix.
Novel composite materials are being investigated for improving the energy storage performance of electrochemical capacitors. For this goal, synergistic effects via the combination of diverse types of materials are crucial. In this work, electrodes composed of reduced graphene oxide, multiwall carbon nanotubes, as well as cerium and manganese oxides were fabricated through reactive inverse matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (RIMAPLE).