Metalla‐bis‐dicarbollides, such as the cobalta‐bis‐dicarbollide (COSAN) anion [Co(C2B9H11)2]−, have attracted much attention in biology but a deep understanding of their interactions with cell components is still missing. For this purpose, we studied the interactions of COSAN with the glucose moiety, which is ubiquitous at biological interfaces.
Octyl‐glucopyranoside surfactant (C8G1) was chosen as a model as it self‐assembles in water and creates a hydrated glucose‐covered interface. At low COSAN content and below the critical micellar concentration (CMC) of C8G1, COSAN binds to C8G1 monomers through the hydrophobic effect. Above the CMC of C8G1, COSAN adsorbs onto C8G1 micelles through the superchaotropic effect. At high COSAN concentrations, COSAN disrupts C8G1 micelles and the assemblies become similar to COSAN micelles but with a small amount of solubilized C8G1. Therefore, COSAN binds in a versatile way to C8G1 through either the hydrophobic or superchaotropic effect depending on their relative concentrations.
Bioactive materials for therapy and diagnosis
Highlights on the Binding of Cobalta‐Bis‐(Dicarbollide) with Glucose Units
Tania Merhi, Alban Jonchère, Dr. Luc Girard, Dr. Olivier Diat, Miquel Nuez, Prof. Clara Viñas, Dr. Pierre Bauduin
Limbal stem cells (LSCs) are already used in cell‐based treatments for ocular surface disorders. Clinical translation of LSCs‐based therapies critically depends on the successful delivery, survival, and retention of these therapeutic cells to the desired region. Such a major bottleneck could be overcome by using an appropriate carrier to provide anchoring sites and structural support to LSC culture and transplantation.
Fabry disease is a rare lysosomal storage disorder characterized by a deficiency of α-galactosidase A (GLA), a lysosomal hydrolase. The enzyme replacement therapy administering naked GLA shows several drawbacks including poor biodistribution, limited efficacy, and relatively high immunogenicity in Fabry patients.An attractive strategy to overcome these problems is the use of nanocarriers for encapsulating the enzyme. Nanoliposomes functionalized with RGD peptide have already emerged as a good platform to protect and deliver GLA to endothelial cells.
A carbon-based hybrid nanocomposite, which consists of monoiodinated boron-cluster derivatives covalently attached to graphene oxide, is hereby introduced. This GO-I-COSAN has been synthesized using a novel boron-rich cobaltabis(dicarbollide) precursor with one iodide group attached to one of the boron atoms of the cluster (I-COSAN) and designed to be subsequently labeled with radioactive 124I for its use in positron emission tomography (PET).
Lactose intolerance is a pathology caused by lactase enzyme deficiency, usually produced in the intestinal cells provoking symptoms as abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, gas and nausea. Gaxilose, 4-O-β-D galactopyranosyl-d-xylose, is used as a diagnostic drug for a non-invasive method for hypolactasia diagnosis.
In this paper, we investigated how different growth conditions (i.e., temperature, growth time, and composition) allows for trading off cost (i.e., In content) and performance of nanostructured indium tin oxide (ITO) for biosensing applications. Next, we compared the behavior of these functionalized nanostructured surfaces obtained in different growth conditions between each other and with a standard thin film as a reference, observing improvements in effective detection area up to two orders of magnitude. This enhanced the biosensor’s sensitivity, with higher detection level, better accuracy and higher reproducibility.