SCIENTIFIC HIGHLIGHTS

3D Reduced Graphene Oxide Scaffolds with a Combinatorial Fibrous-Porous Architecture for Neural Tissue Engineering
08 December 2020

Graphene oxide (GO) assists a diverse set of promising routes to build bioactive neural microenvironments by easily interacting with other biomaterials to enhance their bulk features or, alternatively, self-assembling toward the construction of biocompatible systems with specific three-dimensional (3D) geometries.

Herein, we first modulate both size and available oxygen groups in GO nanosheets to adjust the physicochemical and biological properties of polycaprolactone–gelatin electrospun nanofibrous systems. The results show that the incorporation of customized GO nanosheets modulates the properties of the nanofibers and, subsequently, markedly influences the viability of neural progenitor cell cultures. Interestingly, the partially reduced GO (rGO) nanosheets with larger dimensions trigger the best cell response, while the rGO nanosheets with smaller size provoke an accentuated decrease in the cytocompatibility of the resulting electrospun meshes. Then, the most auspicious nanofibers are synergistically accommodated onto the surface of 3D-rGO heterogeneous porous networks, giving rise to fibrous-porous combinatorial architectures suitable for enhancing adhesion and differentiation of neural cells. By varying the chemical composition of the nanofibers, it is possible to adapt their performance as physical crosslinkers for the rGO sheets, leading to the modulation of both pore size and structural/mechanical integrity of the scaffold. Importantly, the biocompatibility of the resultant fibrous-porous systems is not compromised after 14 days of cell culture, including standard differentiation patterns of neural progenitor cells. Overall, in light of these in vitro results, the reported scaffolding approach presents not only an indisputable capacity to support highly viable and interconnected neural circuits but also the potential to unlock novel strategies for neural tissue engineering applications.

Hits: 1124
Bioactive materials for therapy and diagnosis

3D Reduced Graphene Oxide Scaffolds with a Combinatorial Fibrous-Porous Architecture for Neural Tissue Engineering


André F. Girão, Joana Sousa, Ana Domínguez-Bajo, Ankor González-Mayorga, Igor Bdikin, Eulalia Pujades-Otero, Nieves Casañ-Pastor, María Jesús Hortigüela, Gonzalo Otero-Irurueta, António Completo, María Concepción Serrano*, and Paula A.A.P. Marques*.

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12, 35, 38962–38975. Publication Date:August 5, 2020. 
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c10599

Also at ICMAB

  • Cobaltabis(dicarbollide) ([o-COSAN]−) as Multifunctional Chemotherapeutics: A Prospective Application in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) for Glioblastoma

    Information
    25 January 2022 159 hit(s) Biomaterials
    Purpose: The aim of our study was to assess if the sodium salt of cobaltabis(dicarbollide) and its di-iodinated derivative (Na[o-COSAN] and Na[8,8′-I2-o-COSAN]) could be promising agents for dual anti-cancer treatment (chemotherapy + BNCT) for GBM. Methods: The biological activities of the small molecules were evaluated in vitro with glioblastoma cells lines U87 and T98G in 2D and 3D cell models and in vivo in the small model animal Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) at the L4-stage and using the eggs. Results: Our studies indicated that only spheroids from the U87 cell line have impaired growth after treatment with both compounds, suggesting an increased resistance from T98G spheroids, contrary to what was observed in the monolayer culture, which highlights the need to employ 3D models for future GBM studies.
  • Ultrafast Interface Charge Separation in Carbon Nanodot–Nanotube Hybrids

    Information
    18 January 2022 250 hit(s) Biomaterials
    Carbon dots are an emerging family of zero-dimensional nanocarbons behaving as tunable light harvesters and photoactivated charge donors. Coupling them to carbon nanotubes, which are well-known electron acceptors with excellent charge transport capabilities, is very promising for several applications.
  • Polylactide, Processed by a Foaming Method Using Compressed Freon R134a, for Tissue Engineering

    Information
    17 December 2021 264 hit(s) Biomaterials
    Fabricating polymeric scaffolds using cost-effective manufacturing processes is still challenging. Gas foaming techniques using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) have attracted attention for producing synthetic polymer matrices; however, the high-pressure requirements are often a technological barrier for its widespread use. Compressed 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane, known as Freon R134a, offers advantages over CO2 in manufacturing processes in terms of lower pressure and temperature conditions and the use of low-cost equipment.
  • Endovascular administration of magnetized nanocarriers targeting brain delivery after stroke

    Information
    07 December 2021 414 hit(s) Biomaterials
    The increasing use of mechanical thrombectomy in stroke management has opened the window to local intraarterial brain delivery of therapeutic agents. In this context, the use of nanomedicine could further improve the delivery of new treatments for specific brain targeting, tracking and guidance. In this study we take advantage of this new endovascular approach to deliver biocompatible poly(D-L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanocapsules functionalized with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and Cy7.5 for magnetic targeting, magnetic resonance and fluorescent molecular imaging.
  • Synchrotron-Based Fourier-Transform Infrared Micro-Spectroscopy (SR-FTIRM) Fingerprint of the Small Anionic Molecule Cobaltabis (dicarbollide) Uptake in Glioma Stem Cells

    Information
    09 November 2021 334 hit(s) Biomaterials
    The anionic cobaltabis (dicarbollide) [3,3′-Co(1,2-C2B9H11)2]−, [o-COSAN]−, is the most studied icosahedral metallacarborane. The sodium salts of [o-COSAN]− could be an ideal candidate for the anti-cancer treatment Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) as it possesses the ability to readily cross biological membranes thereby producing cell cycle arrest in cancer cells.   BNCT is a cancer therapy based on the potential of 10B atoms to produce α particles that cross tissues in which the 10B is accumulated without damaging the surrounding healthy tissues, after being irradiated with low energy thermal neutrons.

INSTITUT DE CIÈNCIA DE MATERIALS DE BARCELONA, Copyright © 2020 ICMAB-CSIC | Privacy Policy | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.